The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), passed in 2007, gave a new language to indigenous rights struggles. While the Declaration is not considered an international treaty, it is a very important foundational document that acknowledges the circumstances specific to the unique needs of indigenous peoples.
The language it created is finding its way into laws and policies of governments. Recently, the government of Vanuatu passed a new land reform law that inscribed the language of “free, prior, and informed consent” as a guiding principle to prevent land loss and to protect indigenous customary land tenure practices. Read more about it here.